MARPOL 73/78 ANNEX 1-6

BEFORE WE PROCEED TO KNOW ABOUT ANNEX 1 TO 6 OF MARPOL 73/78 , I ADVICE YOU TO SEE MARPOL INTRODUCTION TO GET BASIC IDEA ABOUT MARPOL 73/78.

CLICK ON THE ANNEXES BELOW TO DIRECTLY JUMP TO THAT ANNEX

MARPOL ANNEX I

39 regulations in 7 chapters to regulate oil pollution from ships (not just tankers):

Chapter Regulations
1   1-5         General: Definitions and applications
2

 6-11 Surveys and certification: Flag administration

and Port State Control (PSC)

3

12-17        Machinery space: Construction, discharge

control and equipment         (all ship types)

4

18-36        Cargo areas: Construction, discharge control

and equipment           (oil tankers)

5   37          Shipboard oil pollution emergency plan (SOPEP)
6   38          Reception facilities
7   39   FPSOs and FSUs

 

 

REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINERY SPACES OF ALL SHIPS

Control of Operational Discharge of Oil

  1. Discharges outside special areas (Regulation 15)

Any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from ships of 400 gross tonnage and above shall be prohibited except when all the following conditions are satisfied:

  1.  the ship is proceeding en route;
  2. the oily mixture is processed through an oil filtering equipment meeting the requirements of this    Annex;
  3. the oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 parts per  million;
  4. the oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump room bilges on oil tankers;
  5. the oily mixture, in case of oil tankers, is not mixed with oil cargo residues.

 

  1. Discharges in special areas (Regulation 15)

Any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from ships of 400 gross tonnage and above shall be prohibited except when all of the following conditions are satisfied:

  1.  the ship is proceeding en route;
  2. the oily mixture is processed through an oil filtering equipment meeting the  requirements of this Annex;
  3. the oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 parts per  million;
  4. the oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump room bilges on oil tankers;
  5. the oily mixture, in case of oil tankers, is not mixed with oil cargo residues.

In respect of the Antarctic area, any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from any ship shall be prohibited.



Oil Filtering Equipment   Regulation 14

Any ship of 400 gross tonnage and above shall be fitted with oil filtering equipment.

Oil filtering equipment shall be of a design approved by the Administration and shall be such as will ensure that any oily mixture discharged into the sea after passing through the system has an oil content not exceeding 15 parts per million. In addition, it shall be provided with alarm arrangement to indicate when this level cannot be maintained. The system shall also be provided with arrangements to ensure that any discharge of oily mixtures is automatically stopped when the oil content of the effluent exceeds 15 parts per million.

Oil Record Book, Part I – Machinery Space Operations (Regulation 17)

Every oil tanker of 150 gross tonnage and above and every ship of 400 gross tonnage and above other than an oil tanker shall be provided with an Oil Record Book Part I (Machinery Space Operations). The Oil Record Book, whether as a part of the ship’s official log-book or otherwise, shall be in the Form specified in this Annex.

The Oil Record Book Part I shall be completed on each occasion, on a tank-to-tank basis if appropriate, whenever any of the following machinery space operations takes place in the ship:

  1.  ballasting or cleaning of oil fuel tanks;
  2. discharge of dirty ballast or cleaning water from oil fuel tanks;

  3. collection and disposal of oil residues (sludge and other oil residues);
  4. discharge overboard or disposal otherwise of bilge water which has accumulated   in machinery spaces; and
  5. bunkering of fuel or bulk lubricating oil.

The Oil Record Book Part I, shall be kept in such a place as to be readily available for inspection at all reasonable times and, except in the case of unmanned ships under tow, shall be kept on board the ship. It shall be preserved for a period of three years after the last entry has been made.

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CARGO AREA OF OIL TANKERS 

#Control of Operational Discharge of Oil 

  1. Discharges outside special areas (Regulation 34)

Any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from the cargo area of an oil tanker, shall be prohibited except when all the following conditions are satisfied:

  1.  the tanker is not within a special area;
  2. the tanker is more than 50 nautical miles from the nearest land;
  3. the tanker is proceeding en route;
  4. the instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content does not exceed 30 litres per  nautical mile;
  5. the total quantity of oil discharged into the sea does not exceed for tankers   delivered on or before 31 December 1979 1/15,000 of the total quantity of the  particular cargo of which the residue formed a part, and for tankers delivered after  31 December 1979 1/30,000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which  the residue formed a part;
  6. the tanker has in operation an oil discharge monitoring and control system and a  slop tank arrangement as required by this Annex.

The provisions of this regulation shall not apply to the discharge of clean or segregated ballast.

  1. Discharges in special areas (Regulation 34)

Any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixture from the cargo area of an oil tanker shall be prohibited while in a special area.

The provisions of this regulation shall not apply to the discharge of clean or segregated ballast.

Oil Discharge Monitoring and Control System  (Regulation 31)

Oil tankers of 150 gross tonnage and above shall be equipped with an oil discharge monitoring and control system approved by the Administration.

The system shall be fitted with a recording device to provide a continuous record of the discharge in litres per nautical mile and total quantity discharged, or the oil content and rate of discharge. This record shall be identifiable as to time and date and shall be kept for at least three years. The oil discharge monitoring and control system shall come into operation when there is any discharge of effluent into the sea and shall be such as will ensure that any discharge of oily mixture is automatically stopped when the instantane-ous rate of discharge of oil exceeds that permitted by  this Annex. Any failure of this monitoring and control system shall stop the discharge. In the event of failure of the oil discharge m onitoring and control system a manually operated alternative method may be used, but the defective unit shall be made operable as soon as possible.

Oil Record Book, Part II – Cargo/Ballast Operations  (Regulation 36)

Every oil tanker of 150 gross tonnage and above shall be provided with an Oil Record Book Part II (Cargo/Ballast Operations). The Oil Record Book Part II, whether as a part of the ship’s official logbook or otherwise, shall be in the Form specified in this Annex.

The Oil Record Book Part II shall be completed on each occasion, on a tank-to-tank basis if appropriate, whenever any of the following cargo/ballast operations take place in the ship:

  1. loading of oil cargo;
  2. internal transfer of oil cargo during voyage;
  3. unloading of oil cargo;
  4. ballasting of cargo tanks and dedicated clean ballast tanks;
  5. cleaning of cargo tanks including crude oil washing;
  6. discharge of ballast except from segregated ballast tanks;
  7. discharge of water from slop tanks;
  8. closing of all applicable valves or similar devices after slop tank discharge operations;
  9. closing of valves necessary for isolation of dedicated clean ballast tanks from   cargo and stripping lines after slop tank discharge operations;
  10. disposal of residues.

Each operation described in this regulation shall be fully recorded without delay in the Oil Record Book Part II so that all entries in the book appropriate to that operation are completed. Each completed operation shall be signed by the officer or officers in charge of the operations concerned and each completed page shall be signed by the master of ship. The entries in the Oil Record Book Part II shall be at least in English, French or Spanish. Where entries in an official language of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly are also used, this shall prevail in case of dispute or discrepancy.

The Oil Record Book shall be kept in such a place as to be readily available for inspection at all reasonable times and, except in the case of unmanned ships under tow, shall be kept on board the ship. It shall be preserved for a period of three years after the last entry has been made.

Slop Tanks  (Regulation 29)

Oil tankers of 150 gross tonnage and above shall be provided with slop tank arrangements. In oil tankers delivered on or before 31 December 1979 any cargo tank may be designated as a slop tank.

Adequate means shall be provided for cleaning the cargo tanks and transferring the dirty ballast residue and tank washings from the cargo tanks into a slop tank approved by the Administration.

The arrangements of the slop tank or combination of slop tanks shall have a capacity necessary to retain the slop generated by tank washings, oil residues and dirty ballast residues.

The total capacity of the slop tank or tanks shall not be less than 3 per cent of the oil carrying capacity of the ship.

Oil tankers of 70,000 tonnes deadweight and above delivered after 31 December 1979, shall be provided with at least two slop tanks.

Pump-room bottom protection 

This regulation applies to oil tankers of 5,000 tonnes deadweight and above constructed on or after 1 January 2007.

The pump-room shall be provided with a double bottom such that at any cross-section the depth of each double bottom tank or space shall be such that the distance h between the bottom of the pump-room and the ship’s base line measured at right angles to the ship’s base line is not less than specified below:

h = B/15(m) or h = 2 m, whichever is the lesser.

The minimum value of h = 1 m.

Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP)  (Regulation 37)

Every oil tanker of 150 gross tonnage and above and every ship other than an oil tanker of 400 gross tonnage and above shall carry on board a shipboard oil pollution emergency plan approved by the Administration.

The plan shall consist at least of:

  1.  the procedure to be followed by the master or other persons having charge of the   ship to report an oil pollution incident;
  2. the list of authorities or persons to be contacted in the event of an oil pollution   incident;
  3. a detailed description of the action to be taken immediately by persons on board   to reduce or control the discharge of oil following the incident;
  4. the procedures and point of contact on the ship for co-ordinating shipboard action  with national and local authorities in combating the pollution.

All oil tankers of 5,000 tons deadweight or more shall have prompt access to computerised, shore-based damage stability and residual structural strength calculation programs.

Special Areas 

Special area means a sea area where for recognized technical reasons in relation to its oceanographical and ecological condition and to the particular character of its traffic the adoption of special mandatory methods for the prevention of sea pollution by oil is required.

For the purposes of this Annex, the special areas are defined as follows:

  1.  the Mediterranean Sea area;
  2. the Baltic Sea area;
  3. the Black Sea area;
  4. the Red Sea area;
  5. the Gulfs area;
  6. the Gulf of Aden area;
  7. the Antarctic area;
  8. the North West European waters include the North Sea and its approaches, the  Irish Sea and its approaches, the Celtic Sea, the English Channel and its  approaches and part of the North East Atlantic immediately to the west of Ireland;
  9. the Oman area of the Arabian Sea.
  10. Southern South African waters

Reception Facilities 

Reception facilities shall be provided in:

  1.  all ports and terminals in which crude oil is loaded into oil tankers where such  tankers have immediately prior to arrival completed a ballast voyage of not more  than 72 hours or not more than 1,200 nautical miles;
  2. all ports and terminals in which oil other than crude oil in bulk is loaded at an  average quantity of more than 1,000 tonnes per day;
  3. all ports having ship repair yards or tank cleaning facilities;
  4. all ports and terminals which handle ships provided with the sludge tank(s);
  5. all ports in respect of oily bilge waters and other residues, which cannot be  discharged at sea in compliance with the Annex I;
  6. all loading ports for bulk cargoes in respect of oil residues from combination   carriers which cannot be discharged at sea in compliance with the Annex I.

 



Pollution prevention methods itemised on the tankers ship shore safety checklist:

  • vessel should be securely moored
  • effective ship shore communication system established
  • emergency signals to be used by the ship and shore to be decided and understood
  • cargo hoses are properly rigged and not damaged
  • SOPEP equipments standby
  • Scupper plugs in place
  • High level alarms of the tanks to be operational
  • Checklist will also contain:
  • Fire fighting equipment’s to be kept standby
  • Effective deck watch to be maintained to check any overflow
  • No unauthorised persons on board
  • No unauthorised work to be carried out
  • No naked lights and flames
  • Tanks inerted and the inert gas systems checked
  • All doors to accommodation to be closed and the air conditioning systems to be on internal circulation
  • Appropriate lights and flags shown

 

 

Annex II

MARPOL 73/78 Annex II  Regulations for the control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances (NLS) Entered into force on 6 April 1987 Revised Annex II entered into force 1 January 2007

Main Features of  Annex II

Substances posing a threat of harm to the marine environment are divided into three categories, X, Y and Z. Category X substances are those posing the greatest threat to the marine environment, whilst Category Z substances are those posing the smallest threat.

Annex II prohibits the discharge into the sea of any effluent containing substances falling under these categories, except when the discharge is made under conditions which are specified in detail for each Category. These conditions include, where applicable, such parameters as:

–   the maximum quantity of substances per tank which may be discharged into the sea;

–   the speed of the ship during the discharge;

–   the minimum distance from the nearest land during discharge;

–   the minimum depth of water at sea during discharge; and

–   the need to effect the discharge below the waterline.

For certain sea areas identified as “special area” more stringent discharge criteria apply. Under Annex II the special area is the Antarctic area.

An important requirement contained in Annex II is that the discharge operations of certain cargo residues and certain tank cleaning and ventilation operations may only be carried out in accordance with approved procedures and arrangements.

To enable the requirement of the above paragraph to be met, this Procedures and Arrangements Manual contains

-in section 2 all particulars of the ship’s equipment and arrangements,

-in section 3 operational procedures for cargo unloading and tank stripping and

-in section 4 procedures for discharge of cargo residues, tank washing, slops collection, ballasting and deballasting as may be applicable to the substances the ship is certified to carry.

By following the procedures as set out in this Manual, it will be ensured that the ship complies with all relevant requirements of Annex II to MARPOL 73/78.

Categorization of Noxious Liquid Substances and Other Substances

For the purpose of the regulations of Annex II, Noxious Liquid Substances shall be divided into four categories as follows:

Regulation 6: Categories of substances

  • Category X: NLS which if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations are deemed to present a major hazard to either the marine environment or human health and therefore justify the prohibition of discharge into the marine environment
  • Category Y: NLS which if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations are deemed to present a hazard to the marine environment or to human health or cause harm to the uses of the sea therefore limitations are applied on the quantity and quality of discharge into the marine environment
  • Category Z: NLS which if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations are deemed to present a minor hazard to the marine environment or human health or marine resources and therefore less stringent restrictions apply on the quality and quantity of discharge into the marine environment
  • Other Substances: NLS other than X, Y & Z which at the moment do not pose any threat to the marine environment or human health on discharge into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations.

Regulation 13: Discharge standards for Annex 2 (NLS) within and outside the Special area (applies to category X, Y & Z)

  • The discharge of these substances into sea is permitted with following discharge standards:
    • The ship is en route and doing a speed of atleast 7 knots in case of a self propelled ship or atleast 4knots in case of a non self propelled ship
    • The discharge is made below the water line through the underwater discharge outlets and not exceeding the rate by which the underwater discharge outlets are designed
    • The discharge is made at a distance of not less than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land and in the depth of water of not less than 25 metres.

Discharge Criteria for category X

  • Tank from which category X substance has been unloaded shall be subjected to a pre wash before the vsl leaves the port of unloading. The residues shall be discharged to port reception facilities until the concentration falls to 0.1% by weight by analysis. All remaining tank washings to be transferred until tank is empty. Entries to be made in the cargo record book
  • Any water subsequently added maybe discharged into the sea
  • Where it is not possible to find the concentration of the effluent without delaying the ship then alternate procedures maybe adopted to find the concentration provided that
    • Tank is pre washed in accordance with the procedure adopted by the administration
    • Appropriate entries are made into the cargo record book

Discharge Criteria for category Y & Z

  • If the unloading of the substance is not carried out in accordance with the manual, a pre wash to be carried out prior the vessel leaves the port of unloading. The tank washings to be discharged to shore reception facilities.
  • For high viscosity or solidifying substances in cat Y
    • Pre wash to be carried out
    • The residue to be discharged to shore reception facilities until tank is empty
    • Any subsequent water introduced into the tank maybe discharged at sea

Regulation 14: P & A manual 

  • Every ship certified to carry CAT X , Y & Z shall have an approved P&A manual.
  • The main purpose being to help identify the the physical arrangements and all the operational procedures w.r.t
    1. cargo handling
    2. tank cleaning
    3. slops handling

cargo tank ballasting and deballasting.

Regulation 17: SMPEP 

  • Every ship above 150 GT certified to carry NLS to have an approved SMPEP
    • Procedures to be followed to report a NLS pollution incident
    • List of authorities and persons to be contacted
    • Detailed description of actions to be taken to reduce or control the discharge of NLS
    • Procedures and point of contact on the ship for co-ordinating shipboard action with national and local authorities

Entries in the cargo record Book

  • Loading of cargo
  • Internal transfer of cargo
  • Unloading of cargo
  • Mandatory pre wash in accordance with the ships P & A manual
  • Cleaning of cargo tanks except mandatory prewash
  • Discharge into the sea of tank washings
  • Ballasting of cargo tanks
  • Discharge of ballast water from cargo tanks
  • Accidental or exceptional discharge
  • Control by authorised surveyors
  • Additional operational procedures and remarks

Certificates issued under annex 2

  • Certificate of Fitness

Surveys: Initial, Annual, Annual /Intermediate, Intermediate/Annual, Annual & Renewal

 



ANNEX III

MARPOL 73/78 Annex III  Regulations for the prevention of Pollution by harmful substances in packaged form Entered into force on 1 July 1992 Revised Annex III entered into force 1 October 2010

Applies to substances listed as marine pollutants in the IMDG code

  • This annexe gives requirements for the standard of packing, marking, packaging, labelling documentation, stowage and quantity limitation for prevention of pollution by harmful substances
  • No dangerous goods to be carried by the ships unless a marine pollutant or a dangerous goods declaration has been issued to the master
  • Any dangerous goods carried onboard should be detailed in a stowage plan
  • Packaged goods shall not be accepted unless they are properly marked
  • No packaged goods to be carried unless the ship has an cargo securing manual

Harmful substances are those substances which are identified as marine pollutants in the IMDG code or which meet criteria in the appendix of annex iii.

Packaged form is defined as the forms of containment specified for harmful substances in the IMDG code.

 

 

 



ANNEX IV

MARPOL 73/78 Annex IV  Regulations for the prevention of Pollution by Sewage from ships  Entered into force on 27 September 2003

Sewage means

  • Drainage and other wastes from any forms of toilets and urinals
  • Drainage from medical premises ,wash tubs and scuppers located in these premises
  • Drainage from spaces containing living animals
  • And other waste waters mixed with drainage as above

Holding Tank means a tank used for the collection and storage of sewage.

Regulation 2: Application

  • This annex applies to the following ships engaged in international voyage:
    • New ships of 400grt and above, and
    • New ships of less than 400grt which are certified to carry more than 15persons, and
    • Existing ships of 400grt and above, 5yrs after the date of entry into force of this annex, and
    • Existing ship of less than 400grt which are certified to carry more than 15persons, 5yrs after the date of entry into force of this annex
  • The admin shall ensure that existing ships, the keel of which are laid or which are of a similar stage of construction before 2nd oct 2003 shall be equipped, as far as practicable to disch sewage in accordance with the requirement of reg 11.

Regulation 9: Sewage System

  • Every ship which, in accordance with Reg 2, is req to comply with the provision of this annex shall be equipped with one of the following sewage systems :
    • A sewage treatment plant which shall be of a type approved by admin, taking into account the standards and test method developed by the organization, or
    • A sewage comminuting and disinfecting system approved by admin, such system shall be fitted with facilities to the satisfaction of admin, for the temporary storage of sewage when the ship is less than 3Nm from the nearest land or
    • A holding tank of capacity to the satisfaction of admin for the retention of all sewage, having regard to the operation of the ship, the number of persons onboard and other relevant factors. The holding tank shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the admin and shall have a means to indicate visually the amount of its content.

Regulation 10: Standard discharge connections

  • OD: 210 mm
  • ID: as per pipe OD
  • Bolt dia: 170mm
  • Slots in flange: 4 hole 18mm
  • Flange thickness: 16mm
  • Bolts and nuts: 4 x 16mm

REGULATION 11: DISCHARGE OF SEWAGE

  • Discharge of sewage into the sea is prohibited except when,
    • The ship is discharging comminuted and disinfected sewage using a system approved by the organisation at a distance of 3 nautical miles from the nearest land and that which is not comminuted or disinfected at a distance of 12 nautical miles from the nearest land
    • Sewage shall not be discharged instantaneously, but at a moderate rate when the ship is enroute and doing a speed of not less than 4 knots
    • Or Ship has in operation a sewage treatment plant or an approved sewage comminuting and disinfecting system with storage tank or a holding tank of adequate capacity certified by the organisation
    • Test results of the plant are laid down in the INTERNATIONAL SEWAGE POLLUTION PREVENTION certificate. The validity of this certificate shall not exceed more than 5 years.
    • It should not cause any discolouration of the surrounding waters nor produce visible floating solids

 

Certificates issued under annex 4

  • International Sewage pollution prevention Certificate
  • Surveys: Initial & Renewal
  • ANNEX V SPECIAL AREA

 



ANNEX V

MARPOL 73/78 Annex V  Regulations for the prevention of Pollution by Garbage from ships  Entered into force on 31 December 1988 Revised Annex V entered into force 1 January 2013

Garbage means all kinds of food wastes, domestic and operational waste, all plastics, cargo residues, incinerator ashes, cooking oil, fishing gear, and animal carcasses generated during the normal operation of the ship and liable to be disposed of continuously or periodically except those substances which are defined or listed in other annexes to the present convention. Garbage does not include fresh fish and parts thereof generated as result of fishing activities undertaken during the voyage.

The entries to be made in the garbage record book

  • Entries to be made are as follows
  • When garbage discharged at sea
  • When Discharged at port
  • When incinerated
  • Accidental discharge

 annex

REGULATION 10  :Placards, Garbage management plans and Garbage record keeping:

  • Every ship more than 12m or more in length shall display placards which notify the crew and passengers for the disposal requirements of regulations. The placards shall be written in the working  language of the shall also be English, French ,or Spanish.
  • Every ship of 100 grt and above and every ship which is certified to carry 15 persons shall carry a garbage management plan. This plan shall have written procedures for minimizing, collecting, storing, processing and disposing of the garbage including the use of the equipment onboard. It shall also designate the person or persons in charge of carrying out the plan.
  • Every ship of 400 grt and above and which is certified to carry 15 persons should have a GARBAGE RECORD book

 

CATEGORY OF GARBAGE

A         Plastics

B          Food wastes

C          Domestic Wastes

D         Cooking Oil

E          Incinerator ashes

F          Operational wastes

G         Cargo residues

H         Animal Carcass(es)

I           Fishing Gear

The special areas established under Annex V are:

  • the Mediterranean Sea
  • the Baltic Sea
  • the Black Sea
  • the Red Sea
  • the Gulfs area
  • the North Sea
  • the Wider Caribbean Region and
  • Antarctic Area

ANNEX VI



MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI  Regulations for the prevention of Air Pollution from ships  Entered into force on 19 May 2005 Revised Annex VI entered into force 1 July 2010

  • There are 19 Regulations but the following Regulations will impact Vessel operation for ALL VESSELS ABOVE 400 grt
    • Regulation 12 – Ozone Depleting Substances
    • Regulation 13 – NOx emissions
    • Regulation 14 – Sulphur Oxide emissions
    • Regulation 15 – VOC emissions
    • Regulation 16 – Shipboard Incinerators
    • Regulation 18 – Fuel Oil Quality control
  • Emission Control area: Means an area where the adoption of special mandatory measures for emissions from ships is required to prevent, reduce and control air pollution from NOx & SOx & particulate matter.
  • Particulate matter is complex mixture of extremly small particles and liquid droplets. Particles mainly consists of acids, organic chemicals, metals, soil or dust particles.
  • Vessels carrying ozone depleting substances (ODS) shall maintain a ozone record book. Entries to be made in terms of mass of substance. Entries should be as follows
    • Repair or maintenance on equipments containing ODS
    • Recharge (full or partial) of equipment containing ODS
    • Discharge of ODS deliberate or non delibrtae
    • Discharge of ODS to land based reception facilities
    • Supply of ODS to ships
  • NOx: regulation applies to engines > 130 kW and not to engines used solely for the purpose of emergencies, related to the emissions from the engines. The manufacturer would provide a technical manual for the engines specifying the settings in order to comply with the regulations.
  • NOx emissions are controlled by Tier I, II & III

SOx: Relates to the emission due to the sulphur content in the fuel

  • Under the revised MARPOL Annex VI, the global sulphur cap is reduced initially to 3.50% effective from 1 January 2012
  • Then progressively to 0.50% effective from 1 January 2020.
  • The limits applicable in ECAs for SOx and particulate matter were reduced to 1.00%, beginning on 1 July 2010
  • Being further reduced to 0.10 %, effective from 1 January 2015.
  • As per EU directives the limits applicable are 0.10% in EU ports

Bunker Delivery notes to be retained for a period of 2 yrs and the sample sent ashore for analysis. Bunkers  to be obtained only from MCA approved suppliers.

Volatile organic compounds (VOC): A tanker carrying crude shall have and implement onboard a VOC management plan. The plan should provide

  • Written procedures for minimising VOC emissions during loading, sea passage and discharging
  • Consideration given to additional VOC generated during COW
  • Identify person responsible for implementing the plan
  • Be written in the working language of foreign going ships

Shipboard Incinerator:  incineration of the following items are not allowed

  • Residues of cargo subject to annex I, II & III
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB)
  • Garbage having traces of heavy metals
  • Refined petroleum products containing halogen compounds
  • Sewage sludge and sludge oil not generated onboard
  • Exhaust gas cleaning systems

Certificates issued under annex 6

  • International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate with supplement with details on the above 5 criterias
  • Surveys: Initial, Annual, Annual /Intermediate, Intermediate/Annual, Annual & Renewal
  • International Energy Efficiency certificate
  • Shipboard Energy Efficiency Management Plan

Regulation 12
Ozone Depleting Substances

  • “Deliberate” Emissions of Ozone Depleting Substances (HFCs) are prohibited
  • New installations can only use HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) until 1st Jan 2020.
  • These substances, when removed from ships, must be delivered to reception facilities

Regulation 13 NOx

  • For all Engines (except emergency engines) installed on ships after 1st January 2000 of more than 130 kW must comply to this Regulation.
  • For engines less than 130 RPM- 17g/kWh
  • For engines between 130- 2000RPM:

45 * n(-0.2) g/kW h

for eg: engine running at 600RPM

45 * 600(-0.2)   = 12.52g/kWh

  • For engines above 2000RPM- 9.8g/kWh

Existing engines can become a new engine if substantially modified.

Regulation 13 – NOx

  • Regulation 13 requirements are fully defined by the NOx Technical Code – recommended technical reading.
    • Certification of the engine on manufacture and checked on installation for settings
    • Certificates required for Ships – EIAPP & IAPP
    • PSC Inspection of the engine by
      • Parameter Check method (Engine Technical File)
      • Simplified measurement method

Regulation 14 – SOx

  • The Worldwide sulphur cap on fuel oil is set at 4.5% which changes to 3.5% after 1st Jan 2012 and to 0.5% after 2020.
  • Sulphur Emission Control areas (SECAs)
    • Areas – Baltic, North Sea and English Channel
    • Alternatively use an exhaust gas cleaning system
    • Ship must have cleared all pipe systems and tanks and be using low sulphur fuel on entry
    • Regulations for the 1st SECA comes into force on 19th May 2006.

Sulphur Emission Control areas (SECAs) will be 1.0% untill 1st July 2015 when it changes to 0.1%

must seemethods of controlling nox and sox emmision from ships

Shipboard Procedures for SECAs

  • Plan in advance for entry and enter commencement date of preparation in Logbook together with bunker type quantities onboard.
  • Logbook entry when entry requirements met and entry into SECA – remember Lat. & Long., date and time, together with bunker figures for each tank.
  • Maintain daily record of bunker use and quantification of bunker tanks whilst in SECA.
  • DO NOT COMMENCE SHIFT TO HIGH SULPHUR FUEL UNTIL EXIT FROM SECA. Log existing conditions for bunkers and Lat. & Long. with date and time.

Regulation 15 – VOCs

  • Subject to individual terminal regulations tankers may have to be equipped with Vapour return manifold.
  • Notification of VOC control by a port to the IMO shall be 6 months before enforcement.
  • Tankers can be can accept tankers upto 3 years after the date of VOC control enforcement by the Terminal.
  • The standard for the design of VOC return manifold and operation is contained in MSC/Circ.585.

Regulation 16 – Incinerators

  • Incinerators installed after 1st Jan 2000 to meet regulations and must certified to meet the specifications in MEPC Resolution 76(40) (Appendix IV of Annex VI).
  • Each incinerator must have a manufacturers operations manual.
  • Crew responsible for the incinerator operation shall be trained and follow the operations manual.

Use of Incinerators

  • The following substances are prohibited from incineration:
    • Annex I, II and III cargo residues and related packing material.
    • Garbage as defined by Annex V containing heavy metals.
    • Petroleum Products containing halogens.
  • PVC can only be incinerated in type approved incinerators.
  • Flue gas temperatures shall be monitored and not less than 850 deg C for continuous feed and reach 600 deg C within 5 minutes for batch feed.
  • Regulation 18 Fuel Oil Quality
  • “Fuel oil shall be blends of hydrocarbons derived from petroleum refining”
  • “Fuel oil shall be free from inorganic acid”
  • “Fuel oil shall not include any added substance or chemical waste which either:
    • Jeopardises the safety of ships or adversely affects the performance of the machinery, or
    • Is harmful to personnel, or
    • Contributes overall to additional air pollution”
  • Regulation 18 Fuel Oil Quality
  • Bunker Delivery Note (BDN)
    • Becomes a Statutory document
    • Must be kept on board for 3 years for inspection and a copy may be taken for further examination by PSC.
    • Must contain all data required by Appendix V
      • Name and IMO number of vessel
      • Port
      • Date of Commencement of delivery
      • Details of fuel oil supplier
      • Product name, quantity , Density at 15 0C and Sulphur content % m/m
      • A declaration that fuel supplied meets Regulation 14 and 18 requirements

Regulation 18 Fuel Oil Quality

  • Fuel Oil Sampling
  • A sealed sample meeting the requirements in associated guidelines has to supplied to the ship by the bunker supplier
  • For each individual BDN a sample has to be taken at the vessel’s bunker receiving manifold. (see procedure in associated guidelines) – ISM Manuals ??
  • The sample label has to be signed by both the bunker supplier’s representative and the vessel’s Chief Engineer.
  • The sample size shall be not less than 400 mls
  • The sample is not to be used for any commercial purpose
  • The sample is to be retained on board for at least 1 year for inspection by PSC as required
  • Shipboard Procedures for
    BDN and Samples
  • Adequate bunker manifold location for sampler attachment
  • External safe storage location for samples for 1 year period
  • Log book for sample retention and custody transfer
  • Safe storage for BDNs and other documents relating to bunkering onboard

 

SOURCE  : #WIKIPEDIA

i hope this helped you getting some basic idea on WHAT MARPOL ITS ANNEXES ARE and after this if you have any doubt feel free to comment below or you can also get in touch with us at www.facebook.com/marineguruu

 

MUST SEE:


If you have enjoyed our content please give us a like below and

please don’t forget to like our facebook page.

 

IF THIS ARTICLE HELPED YOU LEAVE A LIKE ON OUR PAGE  @ www.facebook.com/marineguruu

YOU CAN ALSO FOLLOW US ON TWITTER @ www.twitter.com/marineguruu

YOU CAN JOIN OUR TELEGRAM CHANNEL @ http://www.t.me/marineguru

ALSO JOIN OUR HANDS IN RAKING OUR MISSION POSSIBLE FOR THE BENEFIT OF WE MARINERS BY SHARING OUR FACEBOOK PAGE

ALSO DONT FORGET TO PRESS THE BELL ICON ON THE BOTTOM LEFT CORNER

IN ORDER TO GET OUR UPDATES DIRECTLY ON YOUR DEVICE



 

 

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!